Middle East And North Africa In Turmoil

Libya top leader declared the country officially “liberated” from the four-decade rule of Moammar Gaddafi, pledging to replace his dictatorship with a more democratic but also a more strictly Islamic system.

Oct. 20, 2011

Moammar Gaddafi was killed after being seized in a sewage tunnel in his home town — the final triumph for pro-democracy fighters who have struggled for eight months to take control of the country.

Aug. 23, 2011

Rebel forces overran the heart of Moammar Gaddafi's fortified Bab al-Aziziya compound, putting them in charge of the fugitive Libyan leader's power base and signaling that the battle for Tripoli may be inching closer to a conclusion. One of Gaddafi's sons, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, appeared in public earlier in the day to refute rebel assertions that he had been captured.

Aug. 21, 2011

Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's four-decade-long rule over the country was crumbling at breakneck speed as hundreds of rebel fighters swept into Tripoli and took control Monday of the symbolically significant Green Square in the heart of the city.

Aug. 20, 2011

Libyan rebels overran a major military base defending the capital as part of a surprising and speedy leap forward, after six months of largely deadlocked civil war. By nightfall, they had advanced more than 20 miles to the edge of Gaddafi's last major bastion of support.

Aug. 19, 2011

For months, rebels fighting to oust Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi have been predicting the fall of the capital, Tripoli. Now, after weeks of significant gains, they have begun talking openly about plans to maintain security if he is deposed.

Aug. 11, 2011

Libyan rebels battling Moammar Gaddafi's troops along the country's Mediterranean coast have claimed they captured part of Brega, a strategic port city that has repeatedly changed hands in the 6-month-old civil war.

July 31, 2011

Libyan rebels battling on multiple fronts attacked and held ground Sunday in committed fighting that reached from a besieged oil refinery city in the east to the rugged desert mountain towns in the west. The success of the past few days and the still tenuous rebel advances in the mountains come at a price, as opposition commanders here worry that their lines are stretched too thin, leaving their rebel cadres composed of dentists, shop clerks and college students vulnerable to counterattack.

July 28, 2011

Gen. Abdul Fattah Younis and two other senior opposition commanders had been fatally shot in Benghazi by assailants, creating chaos among the fractious coalition trying to overthrow Moammar Gaddafi.

July 15, 2011

The United States grants Libyan rebel leaders full diplomatic recognition as the governing authority of Libya, a move that could give the cash-strapped rebels access to more than $30 billion in frozen assets that once belonged to Gaddafi.

July 13, 2011

Libyan rebels fighting to oust Moammar Gaddafi have looted shops and clinics and torched the homes of suspected regime supporters in some of the towns they seized in the country's western mountains, Human Rights Watch says. The findings come as the rebels enlarge the area under their control in the west and inched closer to a key supply route to Tripoli.

July 7, 2011

Rebel victories in Libya's western mountains are shifting the focus of efforts to topple Moammar Gaddafi's regime, as fighters close in on cities that control the government's main supply routes. The rapid gains in the west come in sharp contrast to battlefields in the east, where the front lines have remained largely stagnant for months.

July 6, 2011

Rebel fighters in western Libya seize two mountain towns from government troops , while the embattled regime of Moammar Gaddafi says it will set up a special court to try rebel leaders for treason. The rebel advances mark small progress in a largely deadlocked civil war.

July 1, 2011

With Libya's conventional forces stretched thin along front lines east and west of Tripoli, government officials say they are scrambling to train volunteers, many of them women, for the looming fight for the capital and other Gaddafi-held areas. Women have long played central roles in Libya's security and intelligence agencies, but the four-month-old conflict appears likely to turn them into combatants more forcefully than ever.

June 30, 2011

The daughter of Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi says both direct and indirect negotiations are being held between her father's authorities and Libyan rebels. Aicha Gaddafi doesn't elaborate during the France-2 network interview aired on French television. But she adds to end the spilling of Libyan blood "we are ready to ally ourselves with the devil, with the rebel army."

June 29, 2011

French officials announce that they have armed rebels in Libya, in an attempt to break the stalemate in a conflict that has stretched longer than many policymakers anticipated. France dropped guns, rocket-propelled grenades and other munitions in the western Nafusa mountains of Libya in early June to help rebel forces who were at the time under threat from the Libyan military, a French military spokesman tells news services.

June 28, 2011

The prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, urges Moammar Gaddafi's own aides to arrest the Libyan leader and turn him over for trial on murder and persecution charges - or risk prosecution themselves. The court has issued arrest warrants for the Libyan leader, his son Seif and intelligence chief Abdullah al-Sanoussi for crimes against humanity, but the court has no police force to detain them.

June 27, 2011

Judges from the International Criminal Court issue a warrant for the arrest of Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, his son and a top military intelligence chief, calling for them to to stand trial for crimes against humanity in connection with a violent crackdown on anti-government protesters this year.

June 23, 2011

Moammar Gaddafi lashes out at NATO over civilian casualties and says Libya is prepared to fight on, calling the alliance "murderers" after an airstrike on a close associate's family home. A few hundred supporters, most of them women, gather in Tripoli's Green Square hours after the speech, vowing to defend the Libyan leader.

June 21, 2011

NATO acknowledges that it has lost contact with one of its surveillance drone helicopters, as Libyan state television broadcast pictures of what it said was an alliance attack helicopter that has been shot down. A NATO spokesman said that an "unmanned autonomous helicopter drone" lost radio contact at 9:20 a.m. local time.

June 20, 2011

NATO says a coalition bomb misfired into a residential neighborhood of Tripoli, killing civilians. Libyan officials say the blast flattened a two-story house, killing two children and seven adults. Sunday's bombing marks the first time NATO acknowledges that a military mishap has resulted in civilian deaths in Libya, and it comes a day after the alliance confirmes that last week it accidentally struck a vehicle carrying allied rebel fighters.

June 16, 2011

NATO airstrikes pound the area near Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's compound again before dawn. Russia's envoy to Libya later turns up at a bombing site while on a visit to Tripoli for talks on ending the civil war. Gaddafi's son tells an Italian newspaper that his father will not go into exile, but elections under international supervision can offer a way out. The U.S. quickly dismisses the idea and insists Gaddafi must leave.

June 14, 2011

An apparent NATO airstrike hits an area near Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's compound in the capital, as military leaders voice concerns about sustaining the operations if the alliance mission drags on. A column of gray smoke could be seen rising from the area around Gaddafi's Bab al-Aziziya compound shortly before dawn. The concussion from the blast was felt at a hotel where journalists stay in the capital.

June 13, 2011

Government artillery rains down on rebel forces but fails to stop their advance into key ground west of their stronghold at Libya's major port. As fighting rages for a fourth day, Germany's foreign minister pays a surprise visit to the rebel's de facto capital. The German foreign ministry says Guido Westerwelle is meeting with the Transitional National Council to deepen relations with the rebels and their nascent government.

June 12, 2011

From the east and west, resurgent rebels battle Libyan government forces at flashpoints along the Mediterranean coast, rebel commanders report. The government says their victory claims are "wishful reporting." Insurgents had reported fighting street by street to retake the Mediterranean port city of Zawiya, 18 miles west of Tripoli, a prize that would put them within striking distance of the capital and cut off one of Moammar Gaddafi's last supply routes from Tunisia.

June 10, 2011

Western and Middle Eastern countries begin opening the aid spigots for Libya's beleaguered rebels, approving measures that will immediately send at least $1 billion to the opposition and promising much larger sums in the weeks ahead. This comes a day after the chief financial adviser to Libya's opposition movement urged Western countries to make good on promises, saying, "Our people our dying."

June 8, 2011

NATO rains scores of bombs on the Libyan capital in by far its heaviest attack on Tripoli since its campaign began, but Moammar Gaddafi responds swiftly with a vow that his people will never surrender. The Libyan government says 60 bombs fell on the city, killing 31 "soldiers, guards and civilians." Reporters in Tripoli count more than 40 explosions.

June 4, 2011

The U.S. House of Representatives rebukes President Obama for failing "to provide Congress with a compelling rationale" for the military campaign in Libya but stopped short of demanding he withdraw U.S. forces from the fight. By a vote of 268 to 145, the House approves a resolution criticizing Obama for not seeking congressional authorization for the 76-day-old campaign against Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi.

June 2, 2011

NATO blasts Tripoli with a series of air strikes, sending shuddering booms through the city. A NATO statement says the attacks hit military vehicles and ammunition depots, a surface-to-air missile launcher and a fire control radar system. The air strikes rain down hours after NATO and its partners say they will extend the Libyan mission for 90 more days in support of the rebels fighting the regime of ruler Moammar Gaddafi.

May 31, 2011

Libyan rebels reject a reported truce offer from Moammar Gaddafi. Word of the offer comes from South African President Jacob Zuma, who met with Gaddafi the day before.

May 30, 2011

The rebel administration that controls much of eastern Libya distributes guidelines on how its fighters should treat prisoners of war, following a string of allegations that rebels have engaged in unlawful arrests, mistreated captives and killed sub-Saharan Africans wrongly accused of being mercenaries. The rebels are holding about 300 prisoners, including 10 foreigners, according to the top legal affairs official in the newly created National Transitional Council, Salwa Fawzi al-Deghali.

May 23-24, 2011

NATO forces launch their most aggressive airstrike to date on Gaddafi's compound early Tuesday morning, rocking the country's capital with at least 15 explosions. In a show of support for the rebel National Transitional Council, the United State's top Middle East envoy announces on Tuesday that the rebel government would open an office in Washington DC.

May 19, 2011

The Libyan government says that it would pull its army out of cities if rebels did the same, while a spokesman called President Obama "delusional" for saying in a speech that Moammar Gaddafi's 41-year rule over Libya would soon come to an end. The government's offer, which the spokesman described as going further than it had before, was made on the condition that NATO stop its attacks on Libyan military targets, and it remained unclear how viable the proposal was.

May 17, 2011

Reports that a top official in the government of Moammar Gaddafi has defected gain strength, as a spokesman for the Libyan government says the regime has been unable to make contact with the man. Shokri Ghanem, Libya's top oil official, left Libya on Monday to go to Tunisia on "official business," said Moussa Ibrahim, spokesman for the Libyan government. Ibrahim told The Washington Post that Libya had not been able to reach Ghanem since Monday night. Ghanem's defection, if confirmed, would be the highest-profile departure from Gaddafi's embattled government since Musa Kusa, the foreign minister, sought safe haven in London at the end of March.

May 9-10, 2011

The U.N. refugee agency and the International Organization for Migration say Monday that a boat carrying hundreds of refugees sank off the coast of Tripoli last week, but details, including how many died, are unclear. As the government assault on rebel-held Misurata continues Tuesday, NATO steps up airstikes on "command-and-control" targets in Tripoli.

May 7, 2011

Libyan government forces bomb fuel depots in the rebel-held city of Misurata, causing a massive conflagration that threatens key sources of electricity and fuel for the besieged city, residents say. The city is the rebels' only major base of power in western Libya, and it has been a scene of fierce back-and-forth fighting for months. Residents say the fuel depots were hit shortly after midnight Saturday, and some say they had heard helicopters - a violation of the NATO-imposed no-fly zone blanketing the country, if true. The reports could not be independently confirmed.

May 3, 2011

There are "reasonable grounds" to charge Col. Moammar Gaddafi's security forces with having committed war crimes and crimes against humanity during their crackdown on Libyan protesters, according to the chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court. The prosecutor, Argentine lawyer Luis Moreno-Ocampo, claims in a report to the U.N. Security Council that his investigators have established preliminary but "credible" estimates that at least 500 to 700 civilians have been shot to death by government forces.

May 2, 2011

Mourners vow revenge as Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's son Saif al-Arab is buried in the country's capital, with two of his brothers in attendance, after his death in a NATO airstrike that has raised questions about the alliance's mission in Libya. About 2,000 Gaddafi supporters gather for the funeral, chanting slogans in support of the regime. There is no sign of Gaddafi, who has appeared in public infrequently since NATO warplanes took over Libya's skies in mid-March.

April 28, 2011

An apparent NATO airstrike kills at least 10 rebel fighters in the northeast area of Misurata, officials say. Opposition leaders say it is still unclear whether NATO bombs or rockets and shelling from Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's forces killed the men as they drove on a swampy road that leads directly to the port of the coastal city. But a doctor in Misurata tells the Associated Press that the explosions did come from coalition aircraft.

April 27, 2011

Police and soldiers are deployed to keep the peace at gas stations throughout government-held western Libya, as lines stretch hundreds of yards and waiting times to fill a tank often last days. Crowds of men mill around at almost every gas station and fist fights are common, according to residents of Tripoli, the capital. The lines represent the most obvious sign that international sanctions against Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's government are beginning to bite.

April 26, 2011

The commander of NATO operations in Libya says that alliance bombers attacked a large government compound in Tripoli the day before to destroy command and control nodes, not to assassinate Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi. The assertion, by Lt. Gen. Charles Bouchard, the Canadian national who commands NATO's Operation Unified Protector, was designed to refute accusations by Libyan officials that the aim of a strike early Monday was to assassinate Gaddafi in violation of international law.

April 25, 2011

Libya's government accuses NATO of trying to assassinate Moammar Gaddafi after the coalition sends at least two large guided bombs into the sprawling office, residential and military complex where he lives in the heart of Tripoli, destroying offices and a library used by the Libyan leader.

April 22, 2011

Libyan rebels claim Friday that they have regained nearly full control of the center of Misurata, partly thanks to weeks of NATO airstrikes, and say they hope deployment of U.S. armed Predator drones can help them drive Moammar Gaddafi's forces out completely.

April 20, 2011

The United States and its allies enter a new stage of involvement in Libya, sending assistance and advisers directly to opposition military forces, which have been unable to break Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's stranglehold over much of the country despite help from NATO airstrikes. France and Italy say they will join Britain in dispatching military advisers to assist the inexperienced and disorganized rebel army, primarily in tactics and logistics. President Obama authorizes sending $25 million worth of nonlethal equipment, including body armor, tents, uniforms and vehicles.

April 18, 2011

The Libyan government promises to allow the United Nations to open a humanitarian corridor to the besieged western city of Misurata to provide aid, food and medicine to civilians and safe passage for people to leave, after weeks of attacks that have left an estimated 1,000 people dead.

April 12-14, 2011

Officials from France and Britain complain that other NATO allies, including the United States, need to increase air strikes and commit more resources to protecting civlians in places like Misurata, where hundreds of people have been killed and a humanitarian crisis is escalating. U.S. officials play down the rift at a NATO summit on Thursday.

April 9-11, 2011

Gaddafi accepts a "political road map" and ceasefire agreement proposed by an African Union delegation on Sunday, but the opposition council in Benghazi rejects the plan on Monday, saying that they will not agree to anything that does not include Gaddafi's ouster. Fighting is centered around the strategic city of Ajdabiya, with rebel fighters becoming increasingly dependent on NATO airstrikes.

April 5-8, 2011

A NATO commander acknowledges that allied warplanes may have mistakenly bombed rebels outside Brega Thursday, killing at least five people. Western diplomats say on Wednesday that Gaddafi's forces are using human shields to prevent NATO planes from striking.

April 3, 2011

Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi launches a diplomatic initiative toward some members of NATO, with the Greek government saying that a senior Libyan official met with Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou and plans to travel to Turkey next. The Gaddafi regime is "searching for a solution," Greek Foreign Minister Dimitris Droutsas says, but he provides no details of the meeting with acting Libyan Foreign Minister Abdulati al-Obeidi. Droutsas adds that his government would inform "all our partners and allies" about the Libyan proposals.

March 30, 2011

The Obama administration announces it has sent teams of CIA operatives into Libya in a rush to gather intelligence on the identity, goals and progress of rebel forces opposed to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi, according to U.S. officials. In Libya, in the face of a new onslaught by government troops, rebel forces flee eastward from cities and towns they had captured just days ago. But Gaddafi suffers a political defeat with the defection to Britain of his foreign minister, Musa Kusa, the most senior official thus far to break ranks.

March 28, 2011

Libyan rebels fight their way toward Moammar Gaddafi's hometown on the Mediterranean coast as his government sends in reinforcements, setting up a potentially crucial battle in the six-week-old uprising against him. Aided by airstrikes launched by a Western-led coalition, rebels push westward to the town of Nawfaliyah and vow to move in the coming days on Sirte, Reuters news agency reports.

March 25, 2011

A top French military official predicts that the international military campaign against Libya will last several weeks and says a political solution is needed to end the conflict between rebels and those loyal to Moammar Gaddafi. Seven days into a Western-led air operation to enforce a no-fly zone and arms embargo for Libya, the United States has reached an agreement to hand over control of the effort to NATO, and the United Arab Emirates says it will deploy 12 aircraft to join the effort.

March 23, 2011

International military forces step up attacks on government troops in Misurata, 131 miles east of Tripoli. The airstrikes seem to bring a temporary respite from the fighting that had raged for six days between forces loyal to Moammar Gaddafi and rebels, as government tanks retreated from the city center. But after nightfall, the tanks return and resume their attacks, according to a doctor at the city's main hospital. "They are shelling everywhere," he says by telephone.

March 22, 2011

After four days of leading strikes against Gaddafi's forces to protect Libyan civilians, the U.S. said on Tuesday that it would hand control of the operation over to its allies within days.

March 19-21, 2011

The United States, Britain, France and other coalition countries launch strikes by sea and air against Gaddafi's air defense systems, airfields and ground forces in a U.N.-supported mission to protect Libyan civilians.

March 18, 2011

Despite the declaration of a ceasefire in response to the U.N. Security Council's resolution, Gaddafi's forces continue pummeling areas of eastern Libya with artillery and airstrikes well after the cease-fire was supposed to take effect. The attacks target the areas around Zuwaytinah and Ajdabiya, more than 90 miles south of Benghazi. Jets streak across the sky firing at targets, at least one helicopter flies low across the desert, and artillery bombardment can be heard for several hours Friday afternoon around Zuwaytinah.

March 16, 2011

Libyan rebels battle to hold a strategic eastern city against a punishing offensive by forces loyal to Moammar Gaddafi, voicing anger and frustration at the West for not coming to their aid. At the same time, government troops heavily shell the last main rebel bastion near the capital.

March 15, 2011

Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi launch a major assault on the strategic eastern city Ajdabiya, deploying artillery, tanks and rockets to pummel rebel positions in an effort to push their way toward the rebel stronghold of Benghazi.

March 12, 2011

The Arab League called on the U.N. Security Council on Saturday to immediately impose a no-fly zone over Libya and announced that it was recognizing the rebel movement as that country's legitimate government. The move could significantly raise pressure on the United States and European nations to act in response to the conflict that has erupted in recent weeks as rebels have seized half of Libya and Col. Moammar Gaddafi's security forces have struck back with massive firepower.

March 11, 2011

European governments declare that Moammar Gaddafi can no longer be considered the leader of Libya and must step down immediately, but they stop short of formally recognizing the Libyan rebel movement or endorsing military action to support its armed struggle.

President Obama expresses concern about a U.S. intelligence assessment that Moammar Gaddafi may have the firepower to win a war of attrition against Libyan rebels, but he insists that "we are slowly tightening the noose" on the longtime leader.

March 10, 2011

Pro-government forces intensify their siege around the rebel-held town of Misurata, one resident says, cutting off the delivery of food and supplies, preventing farmers from going to their fields, and abducting people on the city's outskirts. War is also being waged on at least two other fronts, with rebel forces claiming on March 9 to have broken through a three-day standoff with government fighters in the town of Bin Jawwad but acknowledging another day of heavy casualties in Zawiyah.

March 9, 2011

Residents of Zawiyah, the city closest to Libya's capital, say the city remains under siege by pro-Gaddafi forces. "They are killing everybody who walks the street," one man says. Internet service and electricity have been cut. A U.N. special investigator says he has started a probe into allegations of torture used by Libyan ruler Moammar Gaddafi's forces, according to AP.

March 7, 2011

Fierce fighting between government and rebel forces continues as loyalists to Moammar Gaddafi renew assaults on several fronts to try and reclaim ground lost since the uprising began. The Libyan opposition says an offer--purportedly from Gaddafi--has been conveyed to council elders in the provisional capital of Benghazi.

According to an opposition spokesman, the Libyan leader would agree to step down if granted immunity from prosecution and safe passage out of the country. But opposition officials say they are still trying to establish the veracity of the offer, which came from Jadallah Azous al-Talhi, a former minister in Gaddafi's government.

March 6, 2011

Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi escalate a lethal counterattack heightening assaults on rebels in two key western cities near his stronghold of Tripoli while launching airstrikes and engaging opposition bands marching from the east toward his hometown of Sirte in heavy ground clashes along the Mediterranean coast.

March 3, 2011

Forces loyal to Gaddafi launch renewed airstrikes against two key rebel-held towns, a day after poorly armed citizens repelled a major government assault on the area. At least three powerful air strikes hit Brega, the oil installation town. There is also a strike near an army munitions storage unit just outside of Ajdabiya, about 40 miles away. But there is no ground fighting.

March 2, 2011

Forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi move to recapture control of a key oil port in eastern Libya. It looks as if loyalist forces could reverse the tide of the opposition uprising. Gaddafi also gives a televised public rally in the capital, Tripoli, denying the existence of protests in Libya and saying the power was in the "hands of the people".

March 1, 2011

Libyan soldiers and paramilitaries loyal to Moammar Gaddafi attempt to retake territory that has been seized by rebels, but neither side appears to gain ground, according to accounts of the fighting from residents and officials with the opposition movement. In a six-hour battle, rebels armed with tanks, anti aircraft guns and automatic weapons repel an overnight attack by government troops using the same weapons in the town of Zawiya, 30 miles west of Tripoli, the Associated Press reports.

Feb. 27, 2011

Revolt spreads deeper into the west, with rock-wielding residents expanding control over key towns even as loyalist forces appear poised to counterattack or impose blockades. Gaddafi seeks to reinforce his position in Tripoli, the capital and his stronghold, by literally doling out cash to citizens and vowing huge raises for public workers, residents there say.

Feb. 25, 2011

Gunfire erupts in at least three neighborhoods of Tripoli Friday, as opponents of Moammar Gaddafi try to revive their protests against his regime in spite of a massive security clampdown. Hours earlier, Libyan state television announces that the government will distribute $400 to each family in a bid to head off fresh demonstrations called for by regime opponents after midday prayers.

Feb. 24, 2011

Moammar Gaddafi's son denies that Libya has killed large numbers of protesters through airstrikes and other attacks, while a former top Gaddafi aide says he quit the government to protest its violent crackdown. Libya appears dangerously fractured, with Gaddafi's regime intent on fighting but its authority beyond Tripoli in doubt. The longtime ruler is tightening his grip on the capital, witnesses say, by flooding the streets with militiamen and loyalist troops

Feb. 22, 2011

Libyan strongman Moammar Gaddafi appears on state television to prove he has not fled the country, as the opposition seems to seize control in some areas and soldiers and government officials resign in outrage over attacks on civilians. Later in the day, he makes another public address, defiantly rejecting opposition demands that he give up power, vowing that he would never leave the North African nation he has ruled for more than four decades and would die a "martyr."

The vicious crackdown against demonstrators appears to be fast eroding whatever support remains for Gaddafi, 68, who assumed power in a 1969 military coup.

Feb. 21, 2011

Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi's regime shows more signs of crumbling Monday following a volatile night in which dozens are reportedly killed in the capital and Gaddafi's son and heir-apparent declares in a televised speech that the North African nation could fall into anarchy if his father was ousted. There are also reports of senior Libyan officials resigning from their posts, outraged by the killings carried out by security forces.

Feb. 20, 2011

Continuing clashes between protesters and security forces lead to at least 200 deaths. In a travel warning, the State Department urges its citizens to avoid non-essential travel to Libya.

McClatchy reports that Amnesty International urges Moammar Gaddafi to "immediately rein in his security forces amid reports of machine guns and other weapons being used against protesters."

Feb. 19, 2011

Moammar Gaddafi's forces fire on mourners leaving a funeral for protesters in the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least 15 people and wounding scores more as the regime tries to squelch calls for an end to the ruler's 42-year grip on power. Libyan protesters are back on the street for the fifth straight day, as Gaddafi takes a hard line toward the dissent.

Feb. 17, 2011

Libyan protesters defy a crackdown and protest in four cities Thursday during a "day of rage." At least 20 demonstrators are killed in clashes with pro-government groups, according to reports. New York-based Human Rights Watch says Libyan internal security forces also have arrested at least 14 people. Hundreds of pro-government demonstrators rally in the capital, Tripoli, blocking traffic in some areas, witnesses say.

Feb. 16, 2011

Roughly 200 protesters take to the streets in Benghazi to show support for human rights activist and lawyer Fathi Terbil, according to CNN. Several are arrested amid confrontations with police. A highly placed source close to the Libyan government tells CNN, "there is nothing serious here. These are just young people fighting each other."

Source : http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/world/middle-east-protests/

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